Boilers are popularly used in homes and businesses to provide heat. Water is the main thing that needs heating and boiler heats water ranging between 160 to 180 Fahrenheit and boiler parts are robust enough to handle extreme temperature fluctuations. Some boilers heat the water above 212 degrees Fahrenheit, which is the point where the water is turned into steam.
There are two types of boilers, which are either an open or a closed system. A closed system should be able to reuse 100% of the steam that the boiler produces. An open system does not return any condensate into the boiler. Boilers are produced as firetube or watertube boilers. A firetube boiler works by having the fire or hot gases heating water directing their heat towards the tubes situated inside a boiler shell surrounded by water. About 80% of boilers used in most homes and small commercial buildings can produce 25,000 pounds of steam per hour. In a watertube boiler, the fire or hot gases are directed at the exterior of tubes that contain water. A watertube boiler has a top drum where the steam and water are separated and a lower drum where the condensed water is collected. Regardless of what you decide on, the principle is the same and some boiler parts are standard for all types of boilers.
There are burners in boiler, which the reaction within the boiler by igniting the fuel to start the reaction in the combustion chamber. The combustion chamber, which is usually made of cast iron that helps with getting the temperature as high as it needs to be in a short amount of time. The heat created in the combustion chamber is transferred to the heat exchanger via pump. These basic boiler parts need to be well maintained and periodically serviced if you want your boiler to work for a long time. Descaling is one of the most important thing to be done with boiler because high scale may reduce the performance and life of a boiler, which sometime can cause a deadly situation. There are more boiler parts discussing them all may take a book full of information about the, however these four basic parts of the particular equipment provides a sufficient course of information to understand the mechanism of boiler. If you fail to service, your boiler as often as possible, you might run into some serious problems and new boiler parts are expensive.